Getting user input from an HTML form in Django

Getting user input from an HTML form in Django

Play this article

Django is a high-level Python web framework that enables the rapid development of secure and scalable web applications. One of the most common tasks in web development is collecting user input through forms. In this blog, we will go through the process of getting user input from an HTML form in Django.

Step 1: Create a Form in HTML

The first step in getting user input is to create a form. In Django, we can use the built-in form module to generate HTML forms. However, in this tutorial, we will create a simple HTML form and later connect it to Django.

The following code creates a simple HTML form with two text fields, "Name" and "Email".

<form action="" method="post">
  {% csrf_token %}
  <label for="name">Name:</label>
  <input type="text" id="name" name="uname">
  <label for="email">Email:</label>
  <input type="email" id="email" name="uemail">
  <input type="submit" value="Submit">

We use the name attribute to get details in the backend

Step 2: Create a View

The next step is to create a view in Django that will handle the form submission. A view is a Python function that takes a web request and returns a web response.

To create a view in Django, we need to import the render method from the django.shortcuts module and define a function that takes a request as a parameter.

from django.shortcuts import render

def form_view(request):
    return render(request, 'form.html')

Step 3: Connect the View and the URL

We need to connect the view to a URL so that it can be accessed by the user. To do this, we will add a URL pattern in the file.

from django.urls import path
from . import views

urlpatterns = [
    path('form/', views.form_view, name='form_view'),

Step 4: Handle the Form Submission

Now that the form is accessible through a URL, we need to handle the form submission in the view.

To handle the form submission, we will check if the request method is POST. If the request method is POST, we will retrieve the form data using the request.POST dictionary.

from django.shortcuts import render, redirect

def form_view(request):
    if request.method == 'POST':
        name = request.POST['uname']   #uname is the value of name attribute 
        email = request.POST['uemail']  #uemail is the value of name attribute 
        return redirect('success')
        return render(request, 'form.html')

Step 5: Redirect to a Success Page

Finally, we need to create a success page that will be displayed after the form submission. To do this, we will create another view and URL pattern.

def success_view(request):
    return render(request, 'success.html')
urlpatterns = [
    path('form/', views.form_view, name='form_view'),
    path('success/', views.success_view, name='success_view'),

In this blog, we have learned how to get user input from an HTML form in Django. We created a simple HTML form and connected it to a Django view using URL patterns. We also handled the form submission and redirected the user to a success page.

By following these steps, you can easily collect user input in your Django web applications. Remember to always validate and sanitize the user input to prevent security vulnerabilities.

Did you find this article valuable?

Support shamnad sherief by becoming a sponsor. Any amount is appreciated!